Research Paper Topics on Culture

How has globalization affected Mexico

How has globalization affected Mexico

How Globalization has Affected Mexico

Globalization refers to the worldwide interconnectivity due to countries interacting culturally and trade and as result they relate with one another for mutual gain, assistance and maintaining peace.

Mexico, located in North American borders the Caribbean Sea and the Gulf of Mexico also neighbouring the United States and Belize. Population distribution estimated at 123.5 million people with dominated by Mestizos, a mixture of Spanish and Indian ancestry alongside indigenous groups.

Most Mexicans are Catholics alongside other denominations like Pentecostal. They speak Spanish due to conquest and colonization and other languages like Mayan and Nahuatl. Mexico economically emphasizes on manufacturing due to free trade agreement effected in 1994, export markets and larger imports worldwide, auction of oil and gas explorations, electric power generation and biggest being remittances from Mexican immigrants to their families back home. Nevertheless, it has some economic weaknesses the main one being drug cartels, slagging legal institutions, low output, corruption and labour laws.

Mexico is governed by a federal presidential republic, a government based on congressional system whereby president is the head of state and government. It prevails on multiparty system. Mexico has 31 states and federal district. Government powers are divided into executive comprising president and cabinet ministers. The president is elected for a single 6-year term. Legislatives having civil law systems also bicameral national congress and the judiciary having Supreme Court as the highest organized into civil, criminal and administrative. Interest articulation existed due to corporatist government of the country. Interest groups and businesses organization greatly influenced civil society. Citizens participate by voting and protests such as in 1960 university student protest (Lowell 244) and (Marcus 53).

            Policy making involved civilians’ interest and needs. Political transparency and policy transparency ensure implementation regarding gender equality and good governance. Economic liberalization and decentralization which coordinated with subnational government to implement policies. Environmental policies like forestry laws to attain good environment through participatory implementation (Jordi 56).

Globalization Effects

            What is globalization? Did it impact the Mexican economy greatly? If so how did they gain? It was a great opportunity for economy growth and benefited thousands. First, there was the free trade agreement NAFTA signed in 1990s which resulted to expansion of trade and the Gross Domestic Product increasing. Mexican manufacturing industries grew rapidly as they could export and import products, while the elimination of trade restrictions reduced the tariffs encouraging more business and foreign investments which in turn, improved the economy (Harry, et al., 46).

            Culturally, groups like Zapatistas had their traditional lifestyles affected and also their independence contributed by media via internet marketing products. The Mexican culture eroded due to revaluation of their culture especially in rural areas. They were pressured to adopt certain secular attitudes and behaviours that compromised them individually. Technology improved with access to information through the internet, industries adopting technology in production, services and product competition internationally, business transactions simplified and Mexican immigrants could contact their families back at home through social media.

            Nevertheless, nothing comes without a cost, for the globalization in Mexico had some negative effects. Rural areas were neglected while Northern Mexico was getting more developed. This led to the widening of gap between the rich and poor (Michael 145). The poor labour conditions led to NAFTA affecting the Mexican maize farmers due to an influx of imported cheap maize from United States, hence they could not compete. Extensively, their source of income reduced, poverty rose due to lack of income and forced migration (Gordon 10). Lastly, the major one being drug trafficking which has led to many deaths, political instability and economic boycott (Raymond et al. 69).

A supranational organization like NAFTA had an agreement between Mexico, Canada and United States which created a trilateral trade bloc in Northern America that aimed at promoting free trade, regulate goods and efficient trade. This created more opportunities, increases trade by eliminating tariffs, environmental protection, and the growth of industries. Imports and exports between member countries, labor which led to employment. Although it had advantages in led to a decline of farm and unjust labor laws.

This information gives out an overview and detailed information on globalization effects in Mexico both negative and positive. Globalization created opportunities and improved the Mexican economy, created jobs and exposed them to the modern world. Understanding this information gives a broad sense to know Mexico as a country economically, politically and socially.

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