Evidence- Based Practice

Your team has presented its preliminary findings to the executive leadership in your organization, but leadership has some doubts about some of the information they received. Each member of the team has been charged with doing a critical examination of recent research around each member’s area of expertise. As the team’s nursing representative, you need to look specifically at the health care concerns identified in the Windshield Survey assessment.

The first step in preparing to write a review of the research is to define your topic. For this assessment, your review will provide a comprehensive overview of the needs of the population you identified in the Windshield Survey assessment in terms of health promotion and disease prevention, the factors that contribute to health disparities for the population, and the need for the organization to improve health care delivery to the population.

In the Capella library, search for current scholarly or peer-reviewed professional research articles that:

  • Examine the health care risks and needs of your population.
    • Analyze the need to improve health care delivery to the population.
    • Evaluate, critically, the factors that affect health promotion and disease prevention for the population.
    • Examine strategies to reduce health disparities for your population.

Locate at least 5–7 resources so that you can eliminate 2–3 if necessary. You may discover, for example, as you read each article more in-depth, that they may not all have the focus you need for your review.

Requirements

For this assessment, you need to develop several points around which to apply the research from the articles you located. Specifically, you need to:

  • Compare statistics for the primary health concern of your population to the rest of the general population in the United States. This would include frequency of occurrence, age groups most at risk, frequency of fatality, and so on.
    • Describe the epidemiological concepts, data analysis methods, tools, and databases used in the research studies you located. Address any flaws or biases you believe are present.
    • Explain the factors that affect health promotion and disease prevention for the population. (Hint: These may be things such as language barriers, cultural values, generational differences, social fear, and access to services.)
    • Describe the types of health care initiatives that have been tried by other organizations specifically for the primary health care concern or the population.
    • Recommend one health care initiative for your population, based on your research,

These should be the ideas, or points, that your review is based on. For each point, present all of the evidence you located. For this assessment, that should be at least four current research articles, although not all of the articles will typically offer evidence on all of your points.

Be sure your assessment includes:

  • An introduction that presents the points you will cover.
    • The body that presents the research on the points.
    • A conclusion that restates the points in your introduction.

Your assessment should be 4–5 pages in length, not including the title page and reference page. Be sure you follow APA guidelines for style and format.

Additional Requirements

  • Include a title page and reference page. The completed assessment should be 4–5 pages in length, not including the title page and reference page.
    • Reference at least four current scholarly or professional resources.
    • Use current APA format.
    • Use Times New Roman font, 12 point.
    • Double-space.
  • Questions to Consider

To deepen your understanding, you are encouraged to consider the questions below and discuss them with a fellow learner, a work associate, an interested friend, or a member of the business community.

  • How do verbal and nonverbal forms of communication affect overall communication?
  • What types of research studies, data analysis methods, and databases will be most helpful in developing an effective health promotion and wellness plan for the population you identified in the Windshield Survey assessment?
  • Overview

Prepare a 4–5-page review of recent research that examines statistics on the primary health concern of a population, describes the methods and tools used in the research studies, explains the factors that affect health promotion and disease prevention for a population, and recommends a health care initiative.

Note: The assessments in this course build upon each other, so you are strongly encouraged to complete them in sequence.

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The ability to locate, evaluate, and apply research is an important skill for nurses to develop in order to provide evidence-based care for individuals, families, communities, and health care systems.

By successfully completing this assessment, you will demonstrate your proficiency in the following course competencies and assessment criteria:

  • Competency 1: Explain the principles and concepts of disease prevention and health promotion for diverse and vulnerable populations.
    • Compare the statistics for a health concern of a vulnerable or diverse population to the statistics for the general population.
    • Explain the factors that affect health promotion and disease prevention for a vulnerable or diverse population.
    • Recommend an evidence-based health care initiative for a specific health care concern of a vulnerable or diverse population.
    • Competency 3: Apply basic epidemiological concepts, data analysis methods, tools, and databases to determine the effectiveness of health promotion and disease prevention initiatives for diverse and vulnerable populations.
      • Describe the epidemiological concepts, data analysis methods, tools, and databases used in research studies related to health concerns for a vulnerable or diverse population.
      • Describe health care initiatives used by organizations to address the health care concerns of vulnerable or diverse populations.
    • Competency 5: Communicate in a manner that is scholarly, professional, and consistent with expectations for members of the health care professions.
      • Write content clearly and logically, with correct use of grammar, punctuation, and mechanics.
      • Correctly format paper, citations, and references using APA style.

Evidence-Based Practice Scoring Guide

Evidence-Based Practice Scoring Guide Grading Rubric
Criteria Non-performance Basic Proficient Distinguished
Compare the statistics for a health concern of a vulnerable or diverse population to the statistics for the general population. Does not compare the statistics for a health concern of a vulnerable or diverse population to the statistics for the general population. Lists the statistics for a health concern of a vulnerable or diverse population and for the general population. Compares the statistics for a health concern of a vulnerable or diverse population to the statistics for the general population. Compares the statistics for a health concern of a vulnerable or diverse population to the statistics for the general population, and applies the information to the need for a health care initiative.
Describe the epidemiological concepts, data analysis methods, tools, and databases used in research studies related to health concerns for a vulnerable or diverse population. Does not describe the epidemiological concepts, data analysis methods, tools, and databases used in research studies related to health concerns for a vulnerable or diverse population. Identifies the epidemiological concepts, data analysis methods, tools, and databases used in research studies related to health concerns for a vulnerable or diverse population. Describes the epidemiological concepts, data analysis methods, tools, and databases used in research studies related to health concerns for a vulnerable or diverse population. Validates the epidemiological concepts, data analysis methods, tools, and databases used in research studies related to health concerns for a vulnerable or diverse population.
Explain the factors that affect health promotion and disease prevention for a vulnerable or diverse population. Does not explain the factors that affect health promotion and disease prevention for a vulnerable or diverse population. Lists the factors that affect health promotion and disease prevention for a vulnerable or diverse population. Explains the factors that affect health promotion and disease prevention for a vulnerable or diverse population. Explains the factors that affect health promotion and disease prevention for a vulnerable or diverse population, including the ethical, legal, economic, and cultural factors.
Describe health care initiatives used by organizations to address the health care concerns of vulnerable or diverse populations. Does not describe health care initiatives used by organizations to address the health care concerns of vulnerable or diverse populations. Describes health care initiatives used by organizations, but does not show how the initiatives relate to the health care concerns of a vulnerable or diverse population. Describes health care initiatives used by organizations to address the health care concerns of vulnerable or diverse populations. Evaluates the effectiveness of health care initiatives used by organizations to address the health care concerns of vulnerable or diverse populations.
Recommend an evidence-based health care initiative for a specific health care concern of a vulnerable or diverse population. Does not recommend an evidence-based health care initiative for a specific health care concern of a vulnerable or diverse population. Recommends a health care initiative for a specific health care concern of a vulnerable or diverse population, but does not provide supporting evidence for the initiative. Recommends an evidence-based health care initiative for a specific health care concern of a vulnerable or diverse population. Recommends an evidence-based health care initiative for a specific health care concern of a vulnerable or diverse population, and explains how the initiative can result in positive outcomes.
Write content clearly and logically, with correct use of grammar, punctuation, and mechanics. Does not write content clearly and logically, with correct use of grammar, punctuation, and mechanics. Writes content clearly and logically, but grammar, punctuation, and mechanics have frequent errors. Writes content clearly and logically, with correct use of grammar, punctuation, and mechanics. Writes clearly and logically, with correct use of spelling, grammar, punctuation, and mechanics; and uses relevant evidence to support a central idea.
Correctly format paper, citations, and references using APA style. Does not correctly format paper, citations, and references using APA style. Correctly formats paper but inconsistently formats citations and references using APA style. Correctly formats paper, citations, and references using APA style. Citations contain few errors. Correctly formats paper, citations, and references using APA style. Citations are free from all errors.

Promoting Health Care Quality

As you continue your evaluation of a health care organization, it is essential to pay attention to culture.Organizational culture provides the context in which all interactions and processes occur, and is therefore central to any effort to enact change.

To prepare:

  • Continue to analyze your selected organization, as indicated in Week 3 (Section 1 of the Course Project).
  • In addition, consider the ideas and information exchanged in this week’s Discussion. Continue to analyze essential elements of organizational culture and evaluate the influence of culture on the ability to achieve goals within your selected organization.

To complete:

Write a 3- to 5-page paper in which you:

  • Provide a description of the organization you selected
  • Present your analysis of the organization with attention to:
    • Its mission, vision, values
    • Strategic plan, goals, and objectives
    • Key operational processes and patterns
    • Information technology use
    • Organizational priorities and investments, as indicated by financial data
    • The essential elements of the organization’s culture
    • The influence of culture on meeting organizational goals

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