Immigrant Women and Healthcare Challenges
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Immigrant Women and Healthcare Challenges
Traditionally, humankind migrate from one geographical region to the other for various reasons such as the need to seek better employment opportunities in preferred nations of choice (Arcury et al., 2007). Many people across the globe perceive America as land of opportunity, which makes it a preferred migration destination. In the recent past, women migrant population has drastically shot up from various parts of the globe such as Africa, Asia, Mexico, and the wider Latin America among others.
On arrival, majority tend to settle in Hawaii, California, Nevada, and Washington. By 2013, 21.2 million female immigrants lived in the U.S and this translates to approximately 13% of the total female population in the country. In an attempt to seek better employment opportunities and earn a decent livelihood, quite a number of migrants face various healthcare related challenges, which significantly endanger their lives. That is why this paper focuses more on women migrants and healthcare related challenges that bedevil them from time to time.
Challenges facing women immigrants
Female migrants in an attempt to migrate and improve their standards of living, face myriad challenges. Several female immigrants across the country face numerous healthcare related challenges, which hinder wellness and wellbeing. These challenges mainly stem from structural and social-cultural perspectives (Williams, 2002).
A number of factors considerably contribute towards inefficacy of healthcare provision to these vulnerable groups. Some of these factors include lack of enough money and income disparity, stigmatization, and lack of formal education among others.
Quite a number of women migrants find it rather hard to secure meaningful employment opportunities in America compared to natives (Hacker et al., 2017). It therefore follows that many remain without employment for quite a long period. The lucky few who secure employment opportunities face severe income disparities, which disadvantage them even more.
In fact, female immigrants earn far less salaries or wages compared to natives and male counterparts in the U.S. This puts them in an awkward financial position concerning healthcare service accessibility and provision. They lack finances needed to access standardized healthcare services in various quality healthcare facilities across the country.
Aside from lack of employment opportunities, lack of formal education also contributes significantly to poor healthcare provision among many migrant women. Majority lack adequate formal education needed to secure better employment opportunities to earn rewards that can both sustain those concerning nutritional needs and healthcare services (Williams, 2002).
This makes them reside in substandard living conditions in suburban areas such as Hawaii, Miami, and Michigan mostly under poor diet, which further exacerbate already bad situation. Additionally, the low level of education denies them sufficient basic knowledge needed concerning healthcare related issues affecting them. They stand exposed more too various infections or ailments that may reach chronic levels before seeking appropriate medical attention.
On top of inadequate formal education, stereotype or stigmatization is another significant factor that considerably contributes to substandard healthcare service provision to minority migrant women population. Being minority groups, they suffer various stereotypical practices from the majority population. Stigmatization leads to stress, depression and other mental related ailments, which greatly toll on them (Arcury et al., 2007).
Because of their low socioeconomic status, some resort to extra ordinary means of getting income for survival like prostitution. This may further complicate health conditions. The practice may expose them to severe infections, some of which remain incurable such as HIV/AIDS. This further deepens the challenges of quality healthcare accessibility.
Migrant women face several forms of abuse from their partners including physical and sexual abuse, which further exacerbates the degree of stigmatization. Those who happen to find some money that can provide healthcare services, end up being discriminated by some healthcare providers. This actually bars them from accessing quality healthcare services from experts (Thomson et al., 2015).
Moreover, lack of knowledge particularly concerning the exact health care issue contributes to the worsening of their healthcare service provision. Language and communication barriers between them and healthcare experts lead to improper communication, which makes expression of healthcare issues to medical experts a problem for appropriate diagnosis and subsequent treatment.
Personal Concerns about Migrant Healthcare Needs
It raises a lot of concern that these immigrant women contribute a lot towards building and developing the economy of the host nation and yet cannot access medical healthcare as required. They engage in either paid employment or self-employment through starting and running small businesses, which contribute to socioeconomic growth and development of a country. In contrast, they face several challenges including healthcare provision disparities.
For example, discrimination and stigmatization regarding healthcare provision is quite prevalent (Williams, 2002). In many occasions, they fail to get the necessary attention from relevant authorities particularly regarding quality healthcare provision and this affects health. The unmet healthcare needs contribute to high morbidity and mortality rates witnessed among this minority group.
This situation requires quick remedy to restore dignity and respect among these groups of people. Their contribution towards economic growth and development requires ultimate recognition from the society (Thomson et al., 2015). In fact, putting in place appropriate reforms such as modern immigrant rights movement sponsored by the civil society, may be helpful under such circumstances to help address unmet healthcare needs. This group offers counselling and educational services to victims alongside agitating for their healthcare rights.
Efforts of this program have actually borne some commendable fruits in enhancing wellbeing of this social group. Empowering it may help enhance healthcare service delivery to this social group. Moreover, a proposed healthcare insurance program tailored for such groups may help address their healthcare needs and bring some meaningful improvement (Hacker et al., 2017).
Additionally, granting citizenship status for this social group may help concerning employment and healthcare service accessibility. This would enhance their chances of securing job opportunities as well as getting standardized healthcare services.
Migrant women prefer settling in America hoping to secure better employment opportunities to enhance their livelihood. In contrast, this is not always the case since many meet various challenges relating to social and economic challenges that require redress.
Particularly, quality healthcare service presents one of the greatest challenges to female migrants. Since their overall contribution helps improve economic growth and development, healthcare issues need consideration. Many members of this group I interacted with suffer in silence because of discrimination and communication barriers that demand immediate attention.
Lack of finances remains their greatest undoing coupled with stereotypical practices they face from dominant communities. In fact, they cited high levels of discrimination as a major hindrance to acquisition of improved healthcare services.
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Immigrant Women and Healthcare Challenges
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