MLA Formatting

MLA Formatting

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MLA Formatting

MLA is an abbreviation which stands for Modern Language Association style and has a wide use in writing and citing humanities and liberal arts papers. The MLA style has been updated for a number of times and the recent MLA handbook is the 8th edition. This handbook offers guidelines regarding the general formatting of paper, in-text citations, and works cited page as well as footnotes or endnotes.

MLA Formatting-Heading and Title

MLA Formatting-Heading and Title
MLA Formatting-Heading and Title

MLA guidelines require that the paper format to be as follows; the paper should be typed on a standard white paper with the standard dimension of 8.5*11 inches. The paper should be double-spaced and should make use of legible font for instance, 12 fonts Times New Roman which is the recommended.

Italics and regular font should contrast enough to make them easily recognizable. After the periods or other punctuation marks, leave only one space and the margins of the documents should be set 1 inch on both sides.

The first line of the paragraph should be indented half an inch from the left side of the margin. Page numbers should be numbered in a consecutive manner and the page number should be inserted at the top right-hand corner of every page.

The numbering should be ½ inch from the top and should as well be flushed with the right margin. Throughout the essay, it is advised to use italics for titles meant for longer works. In case, the essay involves the endnotes, they should be included on a separate page and should appear before the works cited page. The end note page or section should be titled ‘notes’ and be centered.

MLA does not have a separate title page unless otherwise asked to include it. In the first page on the upper left-hand corner of the first page, include the author or student name, the name of the instructor, the course name, and the date of submission, this content should be double-spaced (Purdue Lab, 2018). Immediately below this content, include the title of the essay and should be centered.

The title should not be written in standard capitalization or title case, do not place in quotation marks, italicized or underlined.  When referencing other works in the title use italics or quotation and double space between the title and first line or paragraph of the essay.

MLA Formatting-Heading and Title

MLA Formatting-Heading
MLA Formatting-Heading

In the first page on the upper right-hand of the paper, it is required to create a header containing Arabic numbers which are half an inch from the top and should be flushed to the right margin.

When using section headings which may include chapters, subtitle among others, the sub-sections should be numbered in Arabic numbering style followed by a period and space and then the section name.

When using one level heading, the sections should be parallel and distinct and no additional sections fitted within them. When applying multiple level headings, provide a key to the selected level heading. Level one heading should be bold, flush left, level two heading should be italicized and flushed left, level three heading should be centered and bold, while level four heading should be centered and italics and level five should be underlined and flush left (Purdue Lab, 2018).

Related:

APA Referencing Style

MLA Formatting-In-text Citations

MLA Formatting-In-text Citations
MLA Formatting-In-text Citations

In-text citations should be used when one has quoted, summarized or paraphrased works of another author. In this case, one should state the author last name followed by the page number in a parenthesis without a comma between them. In case the author is mentioned in the text, then only indicate the page number only. In case the author is not established using the first few words of the text, period is used after the parenthesis (Purdue Lab, 2018).

When citing direct words that the source have taken from another source, place the author of the information in the text and the write “qtd.in” in the in-text citation, this should then be followed by the author name and page number of the work containing that information (Purdue Lab, 2018). In case one needs to insert his or her own words in the quotation, make use of square brackets, but when in need to omit words use ellipses (three periods).

MLA Formatting-Works Cited Page

MLA Formatting-Works Cited Page
MLA Formatting-Works Cited Page

Provide a separate work cited page with references used, the page should be titled “Works Cited”, centered not underline or punctuated (Purdue Lab, 2018). The references or entries which are longer than one line should be indented half an inch from the left margin after the first line of each entry. Importantly only include the material used and should be alphabetically arranged according to the first word of the entry.

How to Cite a Book in MLA

The basic information of a book includes author(s), the title of the book, and the publication information.

MLA format structure:

Last, First M. Book. City: Publisher, Year Published. Print.

Examples:

James, Henry. The Ambassadors. Rockville: Serenity, 2009. Print.

Dickens, Charles. Great Expectations. New York: Dodd, Mead, 1942. Print.

How to Cite an Online Book  in MLA

MLA format structure:

Last, First M. Book. City: Publisher, Year Published. Website Title. Web. Day Month Year Accessed.

Examples:

James, Henry. The Ambassadors. Rockville: Serenity, 2009. Google books. Web. 16 Mar. 2010. http://books.google.com

Bodnar, Kipp, and Jeffrey L. Cohen. The B2B Social Media Book. Google Books. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Dec. 2012.

How to Cite an Article in MLA

Use the following format for all citations:

Author. Title. Title of container (self contained if book), Other contributors (translators or editors), Version (edition), Number (vol. and/or no.), Publisher, Publisher Date, Location (pp.). 2nd container’s title, Other contributors, Version, Number, Publisher, Pub date, Location.

Journal Article From Library Database With a DOI Number – One Author

Author’s Last Name, First Name. “Title of Article: Subtitle if Any.” Name of Journal, vol. Volume Number, no. Issue Number, Date of Publication, pp. First Page Number-Last Page Number. Name of Database, doi:DOI number.

Works Cited List Example Guillen, Jorge. “Does Financial Openness Matter in the Relationship Between Financial Development and Income Distribution in Latin America?” Emerging Markets Finance & Trade, vol. 52, no. 5, 2016, pp. 1145-1155. Business Source Complete, doi:10.1080/1540496X.2015.1046337.
In-Text Citation Example (Author’s Last Name Page Number)

Example: (Guillen 1146)

Journal Article From Library Database With a DOI – Two Authors

Works Cited List Example Salafia, Elizabeth Blodgett, and Jessica Lemer. “Associations Between Multiple Types of Stress and Disordered Eating Among Girls and Boys in Middle School.” Journal of Child and Family Studies, vol. 21, no. 1, 2012, pp.148-57. Academic Search Complete, doi:10.1007/s10826-011-9458-z.
In-Text Citation Example (First Author’s Last Name and Second Author’s Last Name Page Number)

Example: (Salafia and Lemer 149)

How to Cite a Magazine in Print in MLA

MLA format structure:

Last, First M. “Article Title.” Magazine Title. Date Month Year Published: Page(s). Print.

Examples:

Rothbart, Davy. “How I Caught up with Dad.” Men’s Health Oct. 2008: 108-13. Print.

Jaeger, Jaclyn. “Social Media Use in the Financial Industry.” Compliance Week 1 Aug. 2010: n. pag. Print.

How to Cite a Magazine Online in MLA

MLA format structure:

Last, First M. “Article Title.” Magazine Title. Date Month Year Published. Website Title Web. Date Month Year Accessed.

Examples:

Rothbart, Davy. “How I Caught up with Dad.” Men’s Health Oct. 2008. Google Books Web. 16 Mar. 2010.

Folger, Tim. “Higgs: What Causes the Weight of the World.” Discover Magazine n.d.: n. pag. Web. 2 Jan. 2013.

How to Cite a Magazine on a Database in MLA

MLA format structure:

Last, First M. “Article Title.” Magazine Title. Date Month Year Published. Database Name Web. Date Month Year Accessed.

Example:

“China’s Export Prospects: Fear of the Dragon.” The Economist 9 Jan. 2010. LexisNexis Academic. Web. 20 Mar. 2010.

How to Cite a Magazine Published Directly Online in MLA

MLA format structure:

Last, First M., and First M. Last. “Article Title.” Magazine Title. Publisher, Date Month Year Published. Web. Date Month Year Accessed.

Example:

Nasar, Sylvia, and David Gruber. “Manifold Destiny.” The New Yorker Conde Nast Digital, 28 Aug. 2006. Web. 30 Mar. 2010.

How to cite a Website in MLA

Author’s Last name, First name. “Title of the Article or Individual Page.” Title of the website, Name of the publisher, Date of publication, URL.

Examples of website citations in MLA 8:

White, Lori. “The Newest Fad in People Helping People: Little Free Pantries.” Upworthy, Cloud Tiger Media, 3 Aug. 2016, URL.

MLA Formatting

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