PICO(T) Guidelines and Rubric Overview

PICO(T) Guidelines and Rubric Overview

NUR 440 Final Project Milestone Two: PICO(T) Guidelines and Rubric Overview-PICO(T) Guidelines and Rubric Overview

PICO(T) Guidelines and Rubric Overview 

In Milestone One, you submitted a topic proposal for instructor approval and feedback. For Milestone PICO(T) Guidelines and Rubric Overview Two, you will incorporate any feedback and formulate a PICO(T) question which will guide your research for the integrative review of the literature. Your PICO(T) question will assist you in the process of finding and evaluating evidence related to your outcome as you continue to build upon your final project. Prompt: For this PICO(T) Guidelines and Rubric Overview milestone, you will turn your topic into a PICO(T) question by answering each of the questions posed below: ? Identify the population of interest; what are their characteristics? Specifically, what group of individuals will be impacted by your identified intervention? ? What is the intervention of interest? (Intervention) ? What is the comparison intervention? (Comparison) ? What consequences are we interested in? (Outcome) ? What is the time frame? If a specified time frame is not appropriate for your question, please articulate why a time frame is not applicable. For examples of PICO(T), refer to your module resources. Guidelines for Submission: Your PICO(T) question must be submitted as a 1–2 paragraph Microsoft Word document with double spacing, 12-point Times New Roman font, one-inch margins, and any sources cited in APA format PICO(T) Guidelines and Rubric Overview

Template for Asking PICOT Questions

For an intervention/therapy:

In _______(P), what is the effect of _______(I) on ______(O) compared with _______(C) within ________ (T)?

For etiology:

Are ____ (P) who have _______ (I) at ___ (Increased/decreased) risk for/of_______ (O) compared with ______ (P) with/without ______ (C) over _____ (T)?

Diagnosis or diagnostic test:

Are (is) _________ (I) more accurate in diagnosing ________ (P) compared with ______ (C) for _______ (O)?


For ________ (P) does the use of ______ (I) reduce the future risk of ________ (O) compared with _________ (C)?



Does __________ (I) influence ________ (O) in patients who have _______ (P) over ______ (T)?


How do ________ (P) diagnosed with _______ (I) perceive ______ (O) during _____ (T)?

Melnyk B., & Fineout-Overholt E. (2010). Evidence-based practice in nursing & healthcare. New York: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Develop your Research Question

The PICO(T) Question

A clinical question that is composed using the PICO or PICOT format will help you to focus your search and help you to develop your research skills which are essential in finding the best available evidence.PICO(T) Guidelines and Rubric Overview

The most common PICO(T) elements are:

P – Population

How you would describe a group of people with a similar problem or complaint.

I – Intervention

How you plan to treat, medicate, diagnose and/or observe the patient’s care.

C – Comparison (if applicable)

The main intervention alternative you are considering (i.e. placebo, alternative therapy, different drug, surgery).

O – Outcome

The result from proposed treatment that is measurable, including improvement of symptoms,no symptoms, or complications.

(T) – Time (if applicable)

The time frame of treatment and/or measurable outcome.


In order be successful in using Evidence Based Practice (EBP) you will need to learn how to develop well-composed clinical questions. By formatting your research question in a PICO(T) format you can gather evidence relevant to your patient’s problem. Well-composed PICO(T) questions generally contain up to four components each represented in the acronym “PICO(T)” P=Patient or Population and Problem; I=Intervention or Indicator; C=Comparison or Control (not part of all questions); O=Outcome; T=Time or Type. PICO(T) Guidelines and Rubric Overview

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