ultiple Choice Questions (Enter your answers on the enclosed answer sheet). Emil Kraepelin is best known for his contributions to the study of schizophrenia. He introduced two new diagnostic categories of disordered behavior, dementia praecox and manic-depressive

ultiple Choice Questions (Enter your answers on the enclosed answer sheet). Emil Kraepelin is best known for his contributions to the study of schizophrenia. He introduced two new diagnostic categories of disordered behavior, dementia praecox and manic-depressive

insanity, based on symptom differentiation, , and _

a. etiology; prognosis


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b. etiology; physiology

c. prognosis; symptomology

d. prognosis; physiology

2.0bject relations theory proposes that people have a basic drive for

a. dominating others.

b. satisfying sexual instincts.

c. engaging in social interactions. d, spiritual development.

3. The social learning model of behavioral acquisition proposes that

a. only behaviors in a social context are reinforced.

b. punishment is only effective in producing learning in humans.

c. a person does not actually have to do the behavior to learn it.

d. humans are motivated more by primary reinforcers than secondary reinforcers.

4. Gender roles directly affect the of abnormal behaviors.

a. expression

b. cause

c. severity

d. chron icity

5. Which of the following statements is TRUE?

a. Modern psychologists believe that psychopathology is physiologically based.

b. Abnormal behavior may be best understood using a single theoretical framework.

c. Understanding abnormal behaviors requires an integration of models.

d. Sociocultural factors are the best explanation for disordered behavior.



6, The biopsychosocial perspective, compared with the perspectives of Freud, Jung, and Rogers,

a, focuses on early developments as the diathesis.

b. adequately explains all disorders.

c. assumes the nature of man to be good.

d. is broader than the other models.

7. Mario has just returned from his third deployment to Iraq. For several months after returning, he is unable to sleep and has difficulty dealing with flashbacks of mortar fire over the compound in which he worked. Using a biopsychosocial model, we might explain his problems as deriving from

a. the stress of deployment alone.

b. a diathesis and the stress of deployment.

c. a lack of social support.

d. a failure in coping alone.

8. A researcher is interested in studying the effect of orange juice on test performance. She will evaluate the test performance of students who drink the juice a half-hour before the test against the performance of students who receive nothing to drink before the test. The groups are equivalent in terms of demographics, intelligence, and prior college classes. In this

example, the orange juice would be the _

a. experimental control

b. control variable

c. independent variable

rI ~ornp=”,..iQon .;;ontrol

9. One way to overcome a limitation of the case study method is to

a. standardize the types of treatment methods used.

b. vary the number of sessions used.

c. generate conclusions as to the cause of a disorder in a case report.

d. vary the levels of the independent variable.

10. Select the following characteristic that IS NOT typical of a single-case research design.

a. A baseline assessment of behavior occurs as a first step in the research design.

b. A treatment is applied during the experimental phase and then withdrawn in the next phase.

c. Several behaviors are changed during the experimental phases.

d. Decreases in behavior during treatment demonstrate the effectiveness of the intervention.



11. Which of the following IS NOT a feature of randomized controlled designs that can affect a study’s outcome?

a. internal validity

b. participant selection procedures

c. assessment strategies

d. moderator variables

12.Whereas efficacy research focuses on . , effectiveness research targets

a. causal relationships; success rates.

b. cost-benefit ratio; causal relationships

c. causal relationships; cost-benefit ratios

d. success rates; causal relationships

13. One major limitation of group-based research In earlier clinical research in abnormal psychology is the

a. over reliance on self-report measures.

b. overuse of white college students as participants.

c. failure to use blind conditions.

d. Inappropriate use of statistical procedures.

14. The epidemiological approach to the study of abnormal behavior is one that

a. grew out of a need to evaluate cisorders within older cohorts.

b. focuses on behavioral aberrations at the subgroup level.

c. focuses on behavioral aberrations at the popu lation level.

d. primarily focuses on the causes of behavioral disorders.

15.Dr. A and Dr. B are studying the effects of war on posttraumatic stress disorder. They both administer the same interview to the same soldiers returning from war. Which of the following psychometric test properties is being addressed in this example?

a. Test-retest reliability

b. I nter-rater agreement

c. Referent reliability

d. Normative agreement



16. Selecting the best set of instruments to address the clinician’s questions depends on the goals of assessment, the properties of the I nstruments, and the

a. referral source’s theoretical orientation.

b. persons available to provide additional information through interviews.

c. amount of time available for the assessment.

d. nature of the patient’s difficulties.

17. While a major benefit of the unstructured interview lies in its flexibility, a major drawback exists in the

a. amount of time required to complete it.

b. potential unreliability of conclusions drawn from it.

c. resistance of the patient to answer all questions contained in it.

d. inability of the client to articulate symptoms.

18. Mr. Smith is a 67-year-old insurance salesman who is being admitted to an inpatient facility for substance abuse treatment. Using the Global Assessment of Functioning Scale, the clinician evaluates Mr. Smith to be functioning at a level of 45. What is the clinician communicating in assigning this score?

a. Mr. Smith’s symptoms are transient and expectable reactions to a psychosocial stressor.

b. Mr. Smith’s functioning is good in all areas, especially given his current condition.

c. Mr. Smith may have serious symptoms or serious impairment in areas of overall fu nction i ng.

d. Mr. Smith’s case does not provide enough information to evaluate his general level of functioning.

19. The Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC) assesses intelligence in which of the following age ranges?

a. 7-16 years b.2 112-7 years

c. 7-12 years

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