Windshield Survey

Conduct a windshield survey to identify a population and its primary health concern. Develop a 2-3-page report that explains demographic changes for a population and describes the health disparities and social determinants of health that can affect the population.
Note: The assessments in this course build upon each other. You are strongly encouraged to complete them in sequence.
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By successfully completing this assessment, you will demonstrate your proficiency in the following course competencies and assessment criteria:
Competency 1: Explain the principles and concepts of disease prevention and health promotion for diverse and vulnerable populations. 
Describe a vulnerable or diverse population living within a neighborhood or community.
Describe health risks and health care needs for a vulnerable or diverse population.
Competency 3: Apply basic epidemiological concepts, data analysis methods, tools, and databases to determine the effectiveness of health promotion and disease prevention initiatives for diverse and vulnerable populations. 
Explain demographic changes for a vulnerable or diverse population.
Competency 4: Examine the ethical, legal, and economic factors related to health disparities in diverse and vulnerable populations. 
Identify health disparities and social determinants of health that can affect a vulnerable or diverse population.
Competency 5: Communicate in a manner that is scholarly, professional, and consistent with expectations for members of the health care professions. 
Describe the overall condition of a neighborhood or community.
Write content clearly and logically, with correct use of grammar, punctuation, and mechanics.
Correctly format paper, citations, and references using APA style.

Assessment Instructions:

Over the past few years, leadership for the health care organization for which you work has noticed a distinct change in the population served by the organization. Leadership wants to make sure they are addressing the needs of this population. You have been asked to participate on an interdisciplinary team that is charged with learning how the population has changed and what needs to be done within the organization to develop a wellness education program that will target the needs and concerns of the population. Your first step in this process is to conduct a windshield survey and report your findings back to your team.
A windshield survey is an inexpensive, time-efficient way to assess and better understand a community and the people who live within that community. Understanding the demographics of a community will help you determine the health-related issues that are likely to exist so you can plan the most appropriate types of wellness programs, health education, and disease prevention programs. Windshield surveys are done by making visual observations of a neighborhood or community while driving; hence the name. This type of survey lets you observe the housing conditions, use of open spaces, shopping, schools, types of transportation, human services, protective services, and other aspects of the overall daily life of a community.
Before you start, you need to identify the boundaries of the neighborhood or community you plan to observe. For the purposes of this course, you should keep the size of the area to no more than 2–3 square miles. The area should be large enough for you to gather relevant information, but small enough that your observation does not take you more than 1–2 hours. With this size, it is not necessary to use a car to complete the survey; you can also walk or bike. Whichever method you use, be mindful of your personal safety. It may be helpful to map out the route you will take ahead of time. It can also be helpful (and safer) to have another person do the driving while you observe and make notes.
Once you are on the route, start making observations right away. Stop frequently to write down notes. A template is provided in the Required Resources to help you document your observations.
The timing of your observation can be important in helping you focus on specific items. If possible, consider conducting your survey more than once at different times of the day. For example, if you make your observations too early in the morning, you may miss things that take place later in the day that provide a different perspective of the neighborhood. It is also important to be as objective as possible when making your observations.
Requirements
Conduct the windshield survey, using the template located in the Required Resources for this assessment.
Use the template as a guide to write a report for your team. If possible, look at other written documents used within your organization. How are they formatted? Follow that format as closely as possible, making sure you still use APA guidelines for your in-text references, citations, and reference page.
Based on your observations and notes from your survey experience, write a report that includes the following:
Describe, briefly, the neighborhood or community you observed (overall condition, types of spaces and businesses, evidence of services, and so forth).
Describe a vulnerable or diverse population you observed living within the neighborhood or community.
Now you will need to do some research on the population you described:
Explain how the demographics for the population have changed over the past 5–10 years. Note: This information should be readily available through the United States Census Bureau, similar state Web sites, the Bureau of Labor Statistics, or other professional sites. Be sure your information is current.
Describe the most prevalent health risks for the population. For example, if your population is senior citizens, then the health risks might be diabetes and loss of mobility. Include statistics on the health risks, such as frequency of occurrence in the population and number of deaths per year in the population.
Identify the health disparities and social determinants of health that can affect the population. In other words, what will you need to overcome to develop a successful health promotion and disease prevention program for the population?
Your completed assessment should be 2–3 pages in length, not including the title page and reference page. Support your information with references to at least three professional, scholarly, or government resources, and follow current APA guidelines for your in-text citations and references.
Additional Requirements
Include a title page and reference page. The completed assessment should be 2–3 pages in length, not including the title page and reference page.
Reference at least three current scholarly, professional, or government resources.
Use current APA format for citations and references.
Use Times New Roman font, 12 point.
Double spac

In this assignment, you will conduct a windshield survey of your community.

Directions:

Collecting assessment data on the physical environment is referred to as a “windshield survey.” The windshield survey reflects what one can view from a car window as one drives through a community or during a walking tour of areas where cars are limited. The driving or walking tour allows the community nurse to make observations of various community components including but not limited to:

  • Housing
  • Open spaces
  • Parks
  • Transportation
  • Race
  • Cultural diversity
  • Restaurants
  • Grocery stores
  • Health care facilities
  • Post offices

Conduct a windshield survey of your community, focusing specifically on anything that influences community health. Compile your findings into a spreadsheet or document.

Then, analyze your findings and create a 12- to 15-slide Microsoft PowerPoint presentation in which you:

  • Describe the community you have selected for your windshield survey and rationale for selecting this community.
  • Describe the various cultural, ethnic, and religious groups you are observing.
  • Identify and explain the specific health care needs of the community.
  • Evaluate and describe community resources available to meet the health care needs of the community and whether they are adequate.
  • Analyze the resources and explain how the community nurse can improve and promote healthy behaviors in the community.
  • Identify two strategies you can integrate into your nursing practice and explain how those strategies address nursing in a variety of community settings.
  • Describe how you can integrate what you learned from the windshield survey into your role as a nurse.

Special Note:

The title page and reference pages do not count as part of the slide limit.

Your final product will be a Microsoft PowerPoint presentation. Your presentation should be approximately 12-15 slides in length and utilize a minimum of 4 peer-reviewed scholarly references. You must also include detailed speaking notes. Write in a concise and organized manner demonstrating ethical scholarship in accurate representation and attribution of sources; and display accurate spelling, grammar, and punctuation

Submission Details:

  • By the due date assigned, post your assignment to the Submissions Area.
  • Use the following file naming convention: LastnameFirstInitial_M4_A2.ppt.

Grading:

Grading CriteriaMaximum Points
Described the community selected for the windshield survey and the rationale for selecting this community.12
Described the various cultural, ethnic, and religious groups observed.16
Identified and explained the specific health care needs of the community.16
Evaluated and described community resources available to meet the health care needs of the community and whether they are adequate.20
Analyzed the resources and explained how the community nurse can improve and promote healthy behaviors in the community.24
Identified two strategies you can integrate into your nursing practice and explained how those strategies address nursing in a variety of community settings.32
Described how you can integrate what you learned from the windshield survey into your role as a nurse.32
Written in a clear, concise, and organized manner; included 12 to 15 slides (excluding title and reference pages); included speaking notes; demonstrated ethical scholarship in appropriate and accurate representation and attribution of sources; and displayed accurate spelling, grammar, and punctuation. Use of scholarly sources aligns with specified assignment requirements.48
Total:200

Milestone 1: Caring for Populations Milestone

Community Windshield Survey

Guidelines and Grading Rubric

Purpose

The purpose of this assignment is to complete a direct observational assessment of a community in your area. This windshield survey will be the initial step in uncovering a community health problem in your area and identifying community dynamics. This problem will be further assessed in the following two assignments.

Course Outcomes

This assignment enables the student to meet the following course outcomes.

CO2: Assess the health needs of individuals, families, aggregates, and communities using demographic and epidemiological data to identify population health risks. (PO 4)

Due Date

Submit to the appropriate basket in the Dropbox by 11:59 p.m. MT Sunday of Week 2.

Points: 150 points

Directions

  1. Download the NR443 Community Windshield Survey form from CourseResources. You will type your name and answers directly onto this Worddocument. Your form does not need tofollow APA formatting; however, you areexpected to use a professional writing style with complete sentences, accurategrammar, and correct spelling. If references are used, they must be citedin the text and the complete reference should be included in the reference boxin APA format. References are optional.
  2. Watch Caring for Populations project overview and Milestone1 tutorial (click this link or copy and paste it into your browser): http://www.brainshark.com/devry/CourseProjectandMS1_2016.This tutorial is also available on Course Project page under Course Home aswell as Week 2 Assignments page.
  3. Save the file by clicking Save as and adding your last nameto the file name; for example, NR443 Windshield Survey Form_Smith.
  4. Submit the completed form to the Milestone 1: CommunityWindshield Survey Dropbox by Sunday, 11:59 p.m. MT at the end of Week 2.
  5. Length: Thecompleted form should be three to fourpages in length (not including any optional references).

Guidelines

Below are the requirements needed for successful completion of the Windshield Survey Form.

  1. Introduction to the Community: Identify the community you will be using for this assignment with the city and state and provide a brief, one paragraph description of the community. Your community should be the area where you live or the area surrounding your work setting. The community must include a residential area and be broad enough to answer the survey questions. You do not need to include demographic data.
  2. Windshield Survey: Assess your community by doing a windshield survey. Information about the components of a windshield survey is located in your textbook, Nies & McEwen (2015) on page 98 (Box 6-2). Drive through the area and report your observations by describing each of the following six areas using a majority of the questions from each category of Box 6-2 as your guide (one to two in depth paragraphs for each category). Be sure to include what you observed related to each of these categories, and also include any significant items that are missing in your community because this may be equally important in identifying a community health problem.
    1. Community vitality
    1. Indicators of social and economic conditions
    1. Health resources
    1. Environmental conditions related to health
    1. Social functioning
    1. Attitude toward healthcare

Note: It is helpful to conduct this assessment at least two different times: during the day or evening, on a weekday and/or on the weekend. If possible, plan on asking someone to drive during your survey so that you can take notes.

  • Vulnerable population: Identify an aggregate or vulnerable population in your community based on your observations. What did you observe about this population? See units five (5) and six (6) in your Nies and McEwen text for examples of vulnerable populations and aggregates.
  • Conclusion: Provide a summary of your findings. Describe several potential community health problems for the vulnerable population that you identified.
  • References: The purpose of this assignment is to document your observations of your community. Outside sources are not required. However, if sources are used, these sources must be cited within the form (Author, year) and listed in the reference section in APA format (see APA category in Course Resources for help with formatting).

Best Practices in Completing the Form

The following are best practices in preparing this project.

  • Make sure all elements of the form are included.
  • Review directions and grading rubric below thoroughly.
  • Cite any outside references as above (these are optional).
  • Use a professional writing style with complete sentences.
  • Proofread prior to final submission.
  • Check for spelling and grammar errors prior to final submission.
  • Abide by the Chamberlain academic integrity policy.

Grading Criteria

Category Points % Description
Introduction of Community 20 13% Community is identified and is described.
Windshield Survey 75 50% Community is assessed and findings adequately cover the six categories listed
Identification of an aggregate or vulnerable population 20 13% Aggregate or vulnerable population is clearly described and observations about this population thoroughly discussed.
Conclusion 20 14% Conclusion is sufficient and includes a brief summary of the windshield survey findings and identification of potential community health problems.
Mechanics 15 10% Writing includes error free grammar and spelling and is written in a logical manner with complete sentences.
Total 150 points 100% A quality paper will meet or exceed all of the above requirements.

Grading Rubric

Assignment Criteria A (100%) Exceptional   Outstanding or highest level of performance B (88%) Exceeds   Very good or high level of performance C (80%) Meets   Competent or satisfactory level of performance NI (38%) Needs Improvement Poor or failing level of performance F (0%) Developing   Unsatisfactory level of performance
Introduction of Community 20 points Community is identified and adequately described. 20 points ☐ Community is identified and briefly described. 18 points ☐ Community identified but description is insufficient. 16 points ☐ Community not identified and description is insufficient. 8 points ☐ Community is not identified or described. 0 points ☐
Windshield Survey 75 points Community is assessed and findings adequately cover the six categories listed. 75 points ☐ Community is assessed but findings missing or inadequate in one or two categories. 66 points ☐ Community is assessed but findings missing or inadequate in three or four categories. 60 points ☐ Community is assessed but findings missing or inadequate in five or more categories. 29 points ☐ Community is not assessed. 0 points ☐
Identification of an aggregate or vulnerable population 20 points Aggregate or vulnerable population is clearly described and observations about this population thoroughly discussed. 20 points ☐ Aggregate or vulnerable population adequately described but observations about the population are brief and missing some details. 18 points ☐ Aggregate or vulnerable population briefly described but observations about the population are missing most details. 16 points ☐ Aggregate or vulnerable population minimally described and observations about the population are missing. 8 points ☐ Aggregate or vulnerable population are not described. 0 points ☐
Conclusion 20 points Conclusion is sufficient and includes a brief summary of the windshield survey findings and identification of potential community health problems. 20 points ☐ Conclusion includes a brief summary of findings and identification of some community health problems. 18 points ☐ Conclusion includes a brief summary of findings but does not identify any health problems. 16 points ☐ Conclusion present but does not include a brief summary or problem identification. 8 points ☐ Conclusion not done. 0 points ☐
Mechanics 15 points No more than two grammar or spelling errors; writes logically in complete sentences 15 points ☐ Three errors of any type 13 points ☐ Four errors of any type 12 points ☐ Five errors of any type 6 points ☐ More than five errors of any type 0 points ☐
Total Points Possible = 150 points

Due Date

Points: 150 points

Below are the requirements needed for successful completion of the Windshield Survey Form.

a. Community vitality

b. Indicators of social and economic conditions

c. Health resources

d. Environmental conditions related to health

e. Social functioning

f. Attitude toward healthcare

Note: It is helpful to conduct this assessment at least two different times: during the day or evening, on a weekday and/or on the weekend. If possible, plan on asking someone to drive during your survey so that you can take notes.

4. References: The purpose of this assignment is to document your observations of your community. Outside sources are not required. However, if sources are used, these sources must be cited within the form (Author, year) and listed in the reference section in APA format (see APA category in Course Resources for help with formatting).

Best Practices in Completing the Form

The following are best practices in preparing this project.

· Make sure all elements of the form are included.

· Review directions and grading rubric below thoroughly.

· Cite any outside references as above (these are optional).

· Use a professional writing style with complete sentences.

· Proofread prior to final submission.

· Check for spelling and grammar errors prior to final submission.


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